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ECHI indicatorsHealth status

Selected communicable diseases

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18.  Selected  communicable diseases


Definition

Incidence of selected communicable diseases, per 100,000 population.

Relevant policy areas

  • Health threats, communicable  diseases
  • (Preventable) Burden of Disease (BoD)

Rationale

Communicable diseases cause, or have the potential to cause, significant disease burden (morbidity and/or mortality). They are also diseases for which effective preventive measures are available with a protective health gain. Communicable diseases move across borders and therefore ask for sometimes rapid internationally based interventions.

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HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS 2017

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CountryNew HIV diagnoses: Total [Rate per 100 000]New HIV diagnoses: Men [Rate per 100 000]New HIV diagnoses: Women [Rate per 100 000]AIDS diagnoses: Total [Rate per 100 000]AIDS diagnoses: Men [Rate per 100 000]AIDS diagnoses: Women [Rate per 100 000]
Austria 3.15.31.00.61.10.2
Belgium7.910.74.8 0.81.10.6
Bulgaria3.46.30.6 0.71.10.3
Croatia2.55.00.20.50.90.0
Cyprus10.015.84.6 1.92.21.6
Czech Republic2.44.50.40.50.80.2
Denmark4.26.81.70.50.90.1
Estonia16.623.710.41.52.40.7
Finland2.93.72.00.30.40.3
France7.810.55.10.60.9 0.3
Germany4.26.71.70.10.20.1
Greece5.810.01.91.01.60.5
Hungary2.33.20.40.50.80.3
Ireland10.215.74.90.30.50.2
Italy5.78.92.61.11.70.6
Latvia18.826.712.26.08.14.2
Lithuania9.1 16.52.81.93.50.5
Luxembourg10.214.95.61.01.70.3
Malta10.416.14.60.00.00.0
NETHERLANDS4.27.41.10.71.10.2
Poland3.56.40.80.30.50.1
Portugal10.315.75.52.33.51.2
Romania3.35.01.71.42.20.7
Slovakia1.32.40.20.20.30.0
Slovenia1.93.60.20.30.70.0
Spain7.012.02.21.21.90.5
Sweden4.45.53.3
United Kingdom6.710.03.40.40.60.2
EU285.89.02.80.71.90.4
  • Ireland and Luxembourg use "date of statistics" instead of "date of diagnosis" for presenting surveillance data in their national reports in 2017
  • Most recent year for AIDS diagnosis for Belgium is 2015
  • There are no data available for AIDS diagnosis for Sweden

19. HIV/AIDS


Definition

Incidence of a) HIV-infected and b) AIDS cases, in a given calendar year, per 100,000 population.

Relevant policy areas

  • Health inequalities (including accessibility of care)
  • Health threats, communicable  diseases
  • (Preventable) Burden of Disease (BoD)
  • Preventable health risks
  • Lifestyle,  health behaviour

Rationale

HIV remains one of the most important communicable diseases in Europe. It is an infection associated with serious morbidity, high costs of treatment and care, significant mortality and shortened life expectancy.

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Cancer incidence

Nodata available jet

20. Cancer incidence


Definition

Total cancer incidence and incidence of the most important cancers, per 100,000 population, in a given year.

Relevant policy areas

  • Sustainable health care systems
  • Healthy ageing, Ageing population
  • Health system performance, Quality of care, Efficiency of care, patient safety
  • Non-Communicable diseases (NCD), Chronic Diseases
  • Burden of Disease (BoD)
  • (Planning of) health care resources

Rationale

Cancer is one of the most important causes of death and it is related to a high disease burden in Europe and there are (often) prevention possibilities. Therefore cancer monitoring is an important Public Health issue

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Diabetes: self-reported prevalence

Diabetes: self-reported prevalance, 2014

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CountriesDiabetes (self-reported prevalance): Total [Percentage]Diabetes (self-reported prevalance): Men [Percentage]Diabetes (self-reported prevalance): Women [Percentage]
Austria4.95.44.5
Belgium5.35.45.2
Bulgaria6.45.47.3
Croatia7.17.17.2
Cyprus6.16.95.2
Czech Republic7.77.38
Denmark4.65.33.9
Estonia5.54.76.2
EU286.97.16.8
Finland7.79.26.3
France109.510.5
Germany7.286.4
Greece9.28.89.6
Hungary8.188.1
Ireland4.65.63.7
Italy6.76.86.6
Latvia4.73.35.7
Lithuania4.43.25.4
Luxembourg5.66.94.2
Malta8.38.97.6
NETHERLANDS5.45.94.9
Poland6.66.46.9
Portugal9.39.49.2
Romania4.83.85.7
Slovakia6.96.47.3
Slovenia6.97.46.3
Spain6.87.36.4
Sweden4.85.34.2
United Kingdom5.86.65

21(a).  Diabetes:  self-reported prevalence


Definition

Proportion of individuals reporting to have ever been diagnosed with diabetes and to have been affected by this condition during the past 12 months.

Rationale

Diabetes has become one of the most important public health challenges of the 21st century. It is strongly associated with overweight and obesity. Diabetes can be treated and partly prevented. Diabetes is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and complications can result in severe conditions such as foot infections and amputations, blindness and end stage renal disease. Comparisons at international and regional level can serve as benchmark to identify gaps in health care.

Relevant policy areas

  • Sustainable health care systems
  • Health system performance, quality of care, efficiency of care, patient safety
  • Non-communicable  diseases  (NCDs),  chronic diseases
  • (Preventable) Burden of Disease (BoD)
  • (Planning of) health care resources
  • Health in All Policies (HiAP)

More information

Diabetes: register-based prevalence

This is a Work-in-progress indicator. Work-in-progress indicators are (nearly) ready for incorporation in regular international data collections, but not yet used in practice. There (nearly) is consensus on the indicator definition and calculation, and da

21(b).  Diabetes:  register-based prevalence


Definition

Number of individuals that have ever been diagnosed with diabetes and that have been affected by this condition during the past 12 months. Expressed per 100,000 and as percentage of total population.

Rationale

Diabetes has become one of the most important public health challenges of the 21st century. It is strongly associated with overweight and obesity. Diabetes can be treated and partly prevented. Diabetes is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and complications can result in severe conditions such as foot infections and amputations, blindness and end stage renal disease. Comparisons at international and regional level can serve as benchmark to identify gaps in health care.

Relevant policy areas

  • Sustainable health care systems
  • Health system performance, quality of care, efficiency of care, patient safety
  • Non-Communicable diseases (NCD), chronic diseases
  • (Preventable) Burden of Disease (BoD)
  • (Planning of) health care resources
  • Health in All Policies (HiAP)

More information

Dementia

This is a Work-in-progress indicator. Work-in-progress indicators are (nearly) ready for incorporation in regular international data collections, but not yet used in practice. There (nearly) is consensus on the indicator definition and calculation, and da

22. Dementia


Definition

Number of individuals aged 65+ that have been diagnosed with dementia. Expressed per 100,000 and as percentage of total population.

Relevant policy areas

  • Sustainable health care systems
  • Healthy ageing, ageing population
  • Non-Communicable diseases (NCD), Chronic Diseases
  • (Preventable) Burden of Disease (BoD)
  • Mental health
  • (Planning of) health care resources

Rationale

An increasingly important public health issue as the European populations are aging rapidly. Dementia in older people is one of the most concerning issue worldwide and particularly in Europe.

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Depression: self-reported prevalence

Depression: self-reported prevalance, 2014

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CountriesDepression (self-reported prevalance): Total [Percentage]Depression (self-reported prevalance): Men [Percentage]Depression (self-reported prevalance): Women [Percentage]
Austria7.75.79.5
Belgium6.74.98.3
Bulgaria3.22.14.2
Croatia5.75.16.2
Cyprus3.62.54.7
Czech Republic3.93.14.6
Denmark86.69.4
Estonia4.845.4
EU287.15.38.8
Finland10.5911.9
France5.93.97.7
Germany10.6912.1
Greece4.73.26
Hungary4.93.16.5
Ireland12.110.813.4
Italy5.53.87.1
Latvia9.1611.5
Lithuania4.72.96.1
Luxembourg9.58.210.7
Malta5.44.26.5
NETHERLANDS7.96.69.1
Poland4.22.75.6
Portugal11.95.917.2
Romania1.512
Slovakia4.235.3
Slovenia8.86.910.7
Spain7.84.810.7
Sweden9.67.112.1
United Kingdom8.97.310.4

23(a).  Depression:  self-reported prevalence


Definition

Proportion of individuals reporting to have ever been diagnosed with chronic depression and to have been affected by this condition during the past 12 months.

Rationale

High-burden disease. Because of the high frequency of mental health problems in our society and the importance of their costs in human, social and economic terms, mental health should be regarded as a public health priority. The Global Burden of Disease study reckons that mental disorders represent four of the ten leading causes of disability worldwide. Depression is a major mental condition that is amenable to intervention.

Relevant policy areas

  • Non-communicable  diseases  (NCDs),  chronic diseases
  • (Preventable) Burden of Disease (BoD)
  • Mental health
  • (Planning of) health care resources

More information

Depression: register-based prevalence

This is a Work-in-progress indicator. Work-in-progress indicators are (nearly) ready for incorporation in regular international data collections, but not yet used in practice. There (nearly) is consensus on the indicator definition and calculation, and da

23(b).  Depression:  register-based prevalence


Definition

Number of individuals that have ever been diagnosed with depression and that have been affected by this condition during the past 12 months. Expressed per 100,000 and as percentage of total population.

Relevant policy areas

  • Non-Communicable diseases (NCD), Chronic Diseases
  • (Preventable) Burden of Disease (BoD)
  • Mental health
  • (Planning of) health care resources

Rationale

High-burden disease. Because of the high frequency of mental health problems in our society and the importance of their costs in human, social and economic terms, mental health should be regarded as a public health priority. The Global Burden of Disease study reckons that mental disorders represent four of the ten leading causes of disability worldwide. Depression is a major mental condition that is amenable to intervention.

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Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI)

This is a Work-in-progress indicator. Work-in-progress indicators are (nearly) ready for incorporation in regular international data collections, but not yet used in practice. There (nearly) is consensus on the indicator definition and calculation, and da

24. Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI)
 

Definition

Attack rate of acute myocardial infarction (non-fatal and fatal) and coronary death per 100,000 population.

Relevant policy areas

  • Health system performance assessment, quality of care, efficiency of care, patient safety
  • Non-communicable  diseases  (NCDs),  chronic diseases
  • (Preventable) Burden of Disease (BoD)
  • (Planning of) health care services

Rationale

High-burden disease and cause of death. These diseases are preventable.

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Stroke

This is a Work-in-progress indicator. Work-in-progress indicators are (nearly) ready for incorporation in regular international data collections, but not yet used in practice. There (nearly) is consensus on the indicator definition and calculation, and da

25. Stroke


Definition

Attack rate of stroke (non-fatal and fatal) per 100,000 population.

Rationale

High-burden disease and cause of death. These diseases are preventable.

Relevant policy areas

  • Health system performance assessment, quality of care, efficiency of care, patient safety
  • Non-communicable  diseases  (NCDs),  chronic diseases
  • (Preventable) Burden of Disease (BoD)
  • Mental health
  • (Planning of) health care services

More information

Asthma: self-reported prevalence

Asthma: self-reported prevalance, 2014

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CountriesAsthma (self-reported prevalance): Total [Percentage]Asthma (self-reported prevalance): Men [Percentage]Asthma (self-reported prevalance): Women [Percentage]
Austria4.444.7
Belgium4.34.44.2
Bulgaria2.72.13.3
Croatia32.93.2
Cyprus4.33.94.7
Czech Republic4.53.65.5
Denmark6.56.56.5
Estonia3.12.73.4
EU285.95.26.6
Finland9.27.211
France8.889.5
Germany6.15.36.9
Greece4.43.65.2
Hungary4.94.15.6
Ireland98.19.9
Italy4.84.74.9
Latvia3.52.54.3
Lithuania2.72.23.1
Luxembourg6.86.37.3
Malta5.84.76.7
NETHERLANDS5.54.56.5
Poland4.13.54.6
Portugal54.15.9
Romania21.82.1
Slovakia3.92.84.9
Slovenia54.65.4
Spain4.544.9
Sweden7.66.19.1
United Kingdom9.4810.7

26(a). Asthma: self-reported  prevalence
 

Definition

Proportion of individuals reporting to have ever been diagnosed with asthma and to have been affected by this condition during the past 12 months.

Rationale

Asthma is a significant public health problem and a high-burden disease for which prevention is partly possible and treatment can be quite effective.

Relevant policy areas

  • Non-Communicable diseases (NCD), chronic diseases
  • (Preventable) Burden of Disease (BoD)
  • Environmental  health
  • Child health (including young adults)
  • (Planning of) health care resources

More information

Asthma: register-based prevalence

This is a Work-in-progress indicator. Work-in-progress indicators are (nearly) ready for incorporation in regular international data collections, but not yet used in practice. There (nearly) is consensus on the indicator definition and calculation, and da

26(b). Asthma: register-based  prevalence


Definition

Number of individuals that have ever been diagnosed with asthma and that have been affected by this condition during the past 12 months. Expressed per 100,000 and as percentage of total population.

Rationale

Asthma is a significant public health problem and a high-burden disease for which prevention is partly possible and treatment can be quite effective.

Relevant policy areas

  • Non-Communicable diseases (NCD), chronic diseases
  • (Preventable) Burden of Disease (BoD)
  • Environmental  health
  • Child health (including young adults)
  • (Planning of) health care resources

More information

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): self-reported prevalence

COPD: self-reported prevalance, 2014

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CountriesCOPD (self-reported prevalance): Total [Percentage]COPD (self-reported prevalance): Men [Percentage]COPD (self-reported prevalance): Women [Percentage]
Austria4.244.4
Belgium43.54.4
Bulgaria4.64.15.1
Croatia4.24.34.2
Cyprus2.11.72.4
Czech Republic2.12.32
Denmark3.43.83
Estonia2.21.92.5
EU284.13.94.3
Finland33.22.8
France5.64.96.2
Germany5.35.25.3
Greece3.23.72.9
Hungary4.13.15.1
Ireland2.932.8
Italy5.14.95.2
Latvia42.85
Lithuania6.14.67.3
Luxembourg5.55.75.4
Malta1.10.81.5
NETHERLANDS5.54.86.1
Poland3.12.83.5
Portugal5.84.76.7
Romania22.31.7
Slovakia2.72.43.1
Slovenia4.144.3
Spain3.33.63.1
Sweden1.51.31.7
United Kingdom2.62.82.4

27(a). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): self-reported prevalence
 

Definition

Proportion of individuals reporting to have ever been diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to have been affected by this condition during the past 12 months.

Rationale

COPD is a high-burden disease causing disability and impairing quality of life, as well as generating high costs. COPD is among the leading causes of chronic morbidity and mortality in the EU. Prevention is partly possible and treatment can be quite effective. Smoking is the major risk factor for COPD.

Relevant policy areas

  • Sustainable health care systems
  • Healthy ageing, ageing population
  • Non-Communicable diseases (NCD), chronic diseases
  • (Preventable) Burden of Disease (BoD)
  • Life style, health behaviour
  • (Planning of) health care resources

More information

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): register-based prevalence

This is a Work-in-progress indicator. Work-in-progress indicators are (nearly) ready for incorporation in regular international data collections, but not yet used in practice. There (nearly) is consensus on the indicator definition and calculation, and da

27(b). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): register-based prevalence


Definition

Number of individuals that have ever been diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and that have been affected by this condition during the past 12 months. Expressed per 100,000 and as percentage of total  population.

Rationale

COPD is a high-burden disease causing disabilityand impairing quality of life, as well as generating high costs. COPD is among the leading causes of chronic morbidity and mortality in the EU. Prevention is partly possible and treatment can be quite effective. Smoking is the major risk factor for COPD.

Relevant policy areas

  • Sustainable health care systems
  • Healthy ageing, ageing population
  • Non-Communicable diseases (NCD), chronic diseases
  • (Preventable) Burden of Disease (BoD)
  • Life style, health behaviour
  • (Planning of) health care resources

More information