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ECHI indicatorsDemographic and socio-economic

Population by education

Population by education 2017

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CountriesPopulation by education (less than primary, primary and lower secondary education): Total [Percentage]Population by education (less than primary, primary and lower secondary education): Men [Percentage]Population by education (less than primary, primary and lower secondary education): Women [Percentage]Population by education (upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education): Total [Percentage]Population by education (upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education): Men [Percentage]Population by education (upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education): Women [Percentage]Population by education (tertiary education): Total [Percentage]Population by education (tertiary education): Men [Percentage]Population by education (tertiary education): Women [Percentage]Population by education (no response): Total [Percentage]Population by education (no response): Men [Percentage]Population by education (no response): Women [Percentage]
Austria14.911.818.152.655.349.832.532.932.1
Belgium23.223.822.636.739.533.840.236.743.6
Bulgaria17.518.416.754.66049.127.921.734.2
Croatia1614.217.760.865.456.323.220.3260.70.50.8
Cyprus19.119.11938.642.435.142.338.545.9
Czech Republic6.14.87.570.172.867.223.822.325.3000
Denmark17.819.615.940.743.837.637.132.142.34.44.64.2
Estonia11.214.48.148.55542.240.330.649.7
EU2822.522.722.34647.844.231.329.333.20.30.30.3
Finland12.114.89.445.149.540.642.835.750.11.11.11
France21.72122.243.146.240.23532.637.30.30.20.3
Germany13.512.314.857.956.659.128.430.925.80.20.20.2
Greece27.128.525.841.842.341.331.129.232.9
Hungary15.913.917.959.764.854.824.421.327.30.30.40.2
Ireland17.720.515.135.535.735.343.440.146.63.43.73
Italy39.141.33742.242.941.418.715.821.62.723.3
Latvia10.312.97.955.661.949.734.125.242.30.4
Lithuania5.47.13.954.860.649.539.732.346.6
Luxembourg19.719.120.329.630.728.532.432.432.518.317.918.7
Malta52.652.35326.827.526.120.620.121
NETHERLANDS21.320.621.940.641.539.736.43636.71.71.81.7
Poland7.98.17.762.267.357.229.924.635.1
Portugal5256.847.723.923.923.924.119.328.4
Romania22.320.524.260.463.557.317.316.118.6
Slovakia8.57.39.768.873.464.122.719.426.1
Slovenia1210.913.15663.947.93225.239.11.91.52.2
Spain41.243.838.722.722.722.636.133.538.6
Sweden14.715.41443.24937.341.835.348.50.30.30.3
United Kingdom19.919.92037.138.735.642.841.344.30.20.20.2

6. Population by education


Definition

Proportion (%) of population (from 25 to 64 years) divided up into three classes of educational attainment (low, middle and high education). Attainment profiles are based on highest completed specified level of education.

Rationale

Together with occupation and income, education belongs to the classic three core indicators of socio-economic status. The different indicators emphasise the different dimensions of SES. Apart from being an important indicator for describing the general social condition of the population by itself, stratification schemes based on the indicator provide an important tool for monitoring socio-economic inequalities in health.

Relevant policy areas

  • Health inequalities (including accessibility of care)
  • Health in All Policies (HiAP)

More information

Population by occupation

Nodata available jet

7. Population by occupation
 

Definition

Proportion (%) of population by occupational group. Classification is based on the current or last (main) occupation.

Rationale

Next to stratification schemes based on educational level and income, occupation-based social class schemes provide an important tool for monitoring socio-economic inequalities in health.

Relevant policy areas

  • Health inequalities (including accessibility of care)
  • Health in All Policies (HiAP)

More information

Total unemployment

Total unemployment 2016

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CountriesTotal unemployment: Total [Percentage of active population]Total unemployment: Men [Percentage active population]Total unemployment: Women [Percentage active population]
Austria66.55.6
Belgium7.88.17.6
Bulgaria7.68.17
Croatia13.112.513.8
Cyprus1312.713.4
Czech Republic43.44.7
Denmark6.25.86.6
Estonia6.87.46.1
EU288.68.48.8
Finland8.898.6
France10.110.39.9
Germany4.14.53.8
Greece23.619.928.1
Hungary5.15.15.1
Ireland7.99.16.5
Italy11.710.912.8
Latvia9.610.98.4
Lithuania7.99.16.7
Luxembourg6.366.6
Malta4.74.45.2
NETHERLANDS65.66.5
Poland6.26.16.2
Portugal11.211.111.3
Romania5.96.65
Slovakia9.78.810.8
Slovenia87.58.6
Spain19.618.121.4
Sweden77.46.6
United Kingdom4.854.7

8. Total unemployment
 

Definition

  1. Proportion (%) of unemployed persons aged 15-74 in the labour force.
  2. Proportion (%) of long-term unemployed persons aged 15-74 in the labour force.

Rationale

Important indicator from the view of socio-economic differences in health. Besides other special risks, unemployment is tied up with poverty. Especially long-term unemployment itself has detrimental health effects.

Relevant policy areas

  • Health inequalities (including accessibility of care)
  • Health in all Policies (HiAP)

More information

Population below poverty line and income inequality

Population below poverty line and income inequality 2016

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CountriesAt risk of poverty rate (cut-off point; 60% of mean equivalised income): Total [Percentage]At risk of poverty rate (cut-off point; 60% of mean equivalised income): Men [Percentage]At risk of poverty rate (cut-off point; 60% of mean equivalised income): Women [Percentage]Inequality of income (income quintile share ratio): Total [Ratio]Inequality of income (income quintile share ratio): Men [Ratio]Inequality of income (income quintile share ratio): Women [Ratio]
Austria1816.918.94.14.24
Belgium20.719.4223.83.93.7
Bulgaria40.438.542.17.98.17.6
Croatia28.527.729.3554.9
Cyprus27.726.628.74.94.94.9
Czech Republic13.31214.63.53.53.5
Denmark16.716.317.14.14.23.9
Estonia24.421.926.75.65.85.3
EU2823.422.424.35.25.45.1
Finland16.616.616.63.63.73.5
France18.217.319.14.34.34.4
Germany19.718.121.24.64.74.6
Greece35.634.436.66.66.86.3
Hungary26.32626.54.34.44.2
Ireland2625.426.64.54.64.4
Italy28.727.729.65.85.95.8
Latvia28.52630.66.26.36.1
Lithuania30.128.531.57.17.56.7
Luxembourg18.517.719.34.34.34.2
Malta20.12020.14.24.24.2
NETHERLANDS16.816.317.24.24.24.1
Poland21.921.622.24.84.94.7
Portugal25.124.1265.95.95.8
Romania38.837.839.87.27.57
Slovakia18.118.118.23.63.73.5
Slovenia18.416.919.93.63.53.5
Spain27.92827.96.66.76.5
Sweden18.31719.54.34.34.1
United Kingdom22.221.123.25.15.35
  • Most recent year for Ireland, Italy and Luxembourg is 2015

 

9. Population below poverty line and income inequality


Definition

  1. Population at risk of poverty: the share of persons with an income below the poverty line.
  2. Income inequality: the ratio of total income received by 20% of the country’s population with the highest income to that received by 20% of the country’s population with the lowest income.

Rationale

Important indicator for social inclusion. Economic deprivation can have a negative effect on health and well- being. Children are especially vulnerable.

Relevant policy areas

  • Health inequalities (including accessibility of care)
  • Life style, health behaviour
  • Health in All Policies (HiAP)

More information